Jean Lhermitte

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Jean Lhermitte

Jacques Jean Lhermitte (English: /lɛərˈmt/) (20 January 1877 – 24 January 1959) was a French neurologist and neuropsychiatrist.[1]


Lhermitte was born in Mont-Saint-Père, Aisne, son of Léon Augustin Lhermitte, a French realist painter. Following his early education at Saint-Etienne, he studied in Paris and graduated in medicine in 1907. He specialised in neurology and became Chef-de-clinique (resident) for nervous diseases in 1908, Chef de laboratoire in 1910, and professeur agrégé for psychiatry 1922. He later became Médecin des Hôpitaux at the "Hospice Paul Brousse", head of the foundation "Dejerine", and clinical director at the Salpêtrière Hospital. During World War I, Lhermitte studied spinal injuries and became interested in neuropsychiatry. This led to publications on visual hallucinations of the self. A deeply religious man, he explored the common territory between theology and medicine, and this led him to interesting studies on demonic possession and stigmatisation.

Medical eponyms[edit]

Lhermitte was a noted clinical neurologist, and a number of medically relevant eponyms bear his name:[2]


  • Techniques anatomo-pathologiques du système nerveux. Paris, 1914.
  • Psycho-névroses de guerre. Paris, 1916.
  • Les blessures de la moelle épinière. Paris, 1917.
  • La section totale de la moelle épinière. Paris, 1918.
  • Les fondements biologiques de la psychologie. Paris, 1925.
  • Les hallucinations: clinique et physiopathologie. Paris, 1951.
  • True and false possession. Translated by the Hon. Patrick John Hepburne-Scott. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1963; OCLC Number 331062. London: Burns & Oates, 1963. Original edition: Vrais et faux possédés. Paris: Fayard, 1956; OCLC Number 13449338.


  1. ^ Bibliothèque nationale de France (n.d.). "Jean Lhermitte (1877–1959)". Retrieved August 1, 2019. Also archived here.
  2. ^ Whonamedit? A Dictionary of Medical Eponyms (n.d.). "Jacques Jean Lhermitte". Retrieved August 1, 2019.