Niimi Nishiki

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Niimi Nishiki (新見 錦, 1836 – October 25, 1863) was born in Mito-han (now Ibaraki Prefecture).[1] He was a master of the Shintomunen-ryu swordsmanship style. He was one of the original thirteen members of the Shinsengumi, together with Serizawa Kamo and Kondō Isami.[2] He was originally one of the three commanders with Kondo and Serizawa but later he had his rank lowered to vice-commander.

Being an important member of the Serizawa faction, Nishiki was later forced by Yamanami Keisuke and Hijikata Toshizō to commit seppuku around October 19 (by the lunar calendar, the 10th day of the ninth month), 1863. Serizawa and the other members of his group were assassinated about a week later by order of Matsudaira Katamori, the daimyō of the Aizu clan.

Although he took the name Niimi Nishiki, his real name remains obscure. Scholars have speculated that his real name may have been Niinomi Kumetarō (Japanese: 新家粂太郎).[1] He is assumed to have been well educated, because the name Niimi Nishiki shows a play of pronunciation.

There are speculations that he could have been a spy for the Chōshū Domain and that he also had close connections with Sonnō jōi groups in Mito and Tosa Province.


  1. ^ a b INC, SANKEI DIGITAL (2016-07-12). "【歴史インサイド】〝酒乱〟で近藤勇とモメて切腹? 場所にも諸説…新選組の新見錦、ナゾの人物像に光当たるか". 産経ニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved 2022-03-05.
  2. ^ "新撰組草創期の幹部、新見錦の性格". 新撰組ナビ (in Japanese). Retrieved 2022-03-05.